Sometimes the mother dog is unwilling and unable to nurse her young ones. To help the puppy grow healthy and strong, we must choose the right puppy formula or milk replacement. In choosing the right milk, it must contain similar nutrients present in real mother’s milk. It should have fats, carbohydrates, proteins, along with vitamins and minerals.
Difference Between Liquid and Powder Formulas
Milk formula for puppies is available in powder and liquid form. Both formulas can provide the nutrients needed by your puppy. They only vary in terms of the storage period.
The powder formula lasts longer than the liquid because it does not contain moisture. Bacteria proliferate when there is moisture. Thus, if you want a milk replacement that lasts longer, the powder is the best option. The downside of this option is that you need to mix it with water and follow the mixing direction.
Unlike the powder formula, the liquid milk replacement is ready to serve. However, it quickly gets spoiled because of the water content. It means that you should use it immediately. Please do not feed your pup with spoiled milk. Otherwise, it may lead to digestive problems.
Essential Ingredients of Milk Formula
Before deciding to feed your newborn pup with a milk replacement formula, you must first understand the nutrients it needs. During the first few weeks of life, the tiny fur ball needs a balanced amount of carbohydrates, fat, protein, and lots of calories.
The right balance of nutrients
Good milk formula for a puppy must have 30% of proteins, 40% of quality fats, and additional vitamins and minerals. The more protein content, the better. However, some puppies prefer a formula that contains more fat. It should also provide micronutrients that will help promote good health and growth.
This vitamin ensures the proper functioning of the nervous system. It metabolizes the carbs and proteins efficiently for the healthy development of the heart.
A low level of Vitamin A can aid the development of strong nerves and muscles, promote healthy skin, and develop good vision.
For proper muscle development, choose a milk replacement that has vitamin E content. It also serves as an antioxidant that protects the cell membranes and promotes a robust immune system.
It is vital to feed a newborn puppy with a calorie-dense formula to ensure that it gets the required energy and keeps satiated.
As much as possible, avoid milk formulas that contain artificial fillers or preservatives, because the digestive system and the immune function of a puppy are weak. Do away with products that contain too much salt and sugar.
Dog milk differs from cow’s milk. It contains more protein and fat, yet less lactose. Be very careful in finding a puppy formula. Once you find the right formula, the next thing to do is to know the proper feeding. You can use a clean feeding bottle and follow the instructions. Feed the puppy if the milk is at its right temperature, not too hot and not too cold. Mix only the desired amount enough for the puppy to consume.