- 1 OVERVIEW OF THE WELSH TERRIER
- 2 WELSH TERRIER DIET AND HEALTH
- 3 COMMON HEALTH CONCERNS FOR THE WELSH TERRIER
- 4 BEST CRATES, BEDS, AND DOG HOUSES FOR WELSH TERRIERS
- 5 LEASHES AND COLLARS FOR A WELSH TERRIER
- 6 TRAINING AND EXERCISE REQUIREMENT OF WELSH TERRIERS
- 7 GROOMING INSIGHTS FOR WELSH TERRIER OWNERS
OVERVIEW OF THE WELSH TERRIER
Originating in Wales in the 1800s, the Welsh Terrier is a loyal, playful, energetic breed of dog. These dogs are often perceived as a descendant of Old English Black and Tan Terriers, but it’s unclear just how much of an influence those dogs had on the modern Welsh Terrier. Because of their feisty nature and brave personality, these dogs were originally used for hunting vermin, chasing badgers, and guarding farms. Now, they’re commonly kept as companion animals.
While most people confuse these dogs with Lakeland Terriers and Airedale, there are some differences between these breeds. Welsh Terriers have wiry hair that makes them look more like a sheepdog than a terrier, but they still have the same athleticism and intelligence as their counterparts.
Sleek and well-proportioned, the coats of Welsh Terriers are usually black, tan, or grizzled with subtle markings on the belly area. They also have distinctive folded ears that are carried forward close to the cheeks. Their necks are muscular, their backs level, and their tails docked. Some dogs even have a jaunty beard and bushy eyebrows that give them a charming if not slightly comical look. These dogs have a solid but extremely elegant look overall that reflects how the Welsh Terrier was bred: to be both functional enough to go hunting in the woods while still being beautiful enough to catch the eye at dog shows.
Known for their playful and affectionate demeanor, these dogs are generally good with children. They don’t mind being handled and played with, and they usually get along well with other dogs and pets. Welsh Terriers are also friendly toward strangers, so you won’t have any trouble taking them out to meet your friends.
Just like their terrier cousins, they are also very intelligent dogs and like to be challenged both mentally and physically. Welsh Terriers can be difficult to train because of their independent nature, but if you’re willing to put in the time and effort it takes to train them properly, they’ll reward you with their unconditional love.
If you plan on adding this enthusiastic dog to your family, here’s everything you need to know about their temperament, health, and other requirements.
WELSH TERRIER DIET AND HEALTH
Clocking in at around 20 pounds, Welsh Terriers do not have any special feeding requirements. Just like other dogs, the Welsh Terrier needs a balanced diet with lots of protein and carbohydrates as well as essential vitamins and minerals to maintain its energy level. As a general rule, an adult Welsh Terrier should be fed somewhere between half to one cup of dry dog food each day, depending on their size and weight. To improve their immune system, you must supplement their diet with high-quality probiotics and other digestive enzymes.
It’s also important to note that Welsh Terriers are allergic to certain foods including chicken, lamb, soy, wheat, egg, beef, rabbit, fish, and pork. So you will have to avoid these ingredients to keep your dog from having an allergic reaction, but still, feed them something that can supplement their nutritional needs.
Because these dogs are known to pile on the pounds, you must keep an eye on how much your Welsh Terrier is eating each day to make sure it doesn’t gain too much weight. It’s also important to remember that dogs have different dietary needs than humans, so if you feed your dog leftovers from your plate, they may not get the proper nutrition they need.
COMMON HEALTH CONCERNS FOR THE WELSH TERRIER
With a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years, the Welsh Terrier is a relatively healthy breed. But there are some common health concerns to be aware of if you’re considering adding one to your family to ensure they enjoy a healthy lifestyle.
One of the biggest health concerns for the Welsh Terrier is allergies. They are prone to different types of allergic reactions that can develop at any age. Welsh Terriers are usually allergic to pollen, dust mites, or fleas. It’s best to keep an eye on your furry friend to watch for different symptoms of allergies. For example, you may notice your Welsh Terrier scratching a lot, particularly around its head and face, which is often accompanied by red, irritated skin.
You can help reduce these symptoms by using a good quality flea treatment on your Welsh Terrier and regularly vacuuming your home to prevent the growth of mites and fleas. If allergies persist, talk to your vet about changing your dog’s diet or giving them allergy medication.
Primary Lens Luxation
Primary lens luxation (PLL) is a condition in which the lens becomes dislodged from its normal location in the eye socket, resulting in blurry or hazy vision. The disorder can occur at any age but is most commonly seen in older dogs.
The symptoms of PLL include squinting, watery eyes, and redness around the eyes. If your dog has primary lens luxation, it’ll need surgery to put the lens back into place. The prognosis for this condition is excellent with surgery, but keep in mind that there is always some risk associated with anesthesia, so it’s important to consider this before proceeding with treatment.
Legg Calves Perthes Disease
This condition affects the hip joints of young dogs between 4 weeks and 1 year old. This disease causes cartilage damage that leads to degenerative arthritis and lameness in affected legs. While surgery is a permanent solution to this problem, you can help prevent it by keeping your Welsh Terrier at a healthy weight and avoiding strenuous activities like running or jumping until your little furry friend is fully grown.
Other health issues
Besides these issues, Welsh Terriers are also prone to glaucoma, hip dysplasia, and epilepsy. Before getting a Welsh Terrier, it’s important to obtain a veterinary health certificate that certifies the puppy as healthy and free of any congenital defects. It’s also a good idea to make sure that your Welsh Terrier has been neutered and vaccinated before bringing it home. This will help you avoid costly medical issues in the future and enjoy many years spent with your pet.
BEST CRATES, BEDS, AND DOG HOUSES FOR WELSH TERRIERS
The Welsh Terrier is a social butterfly who loves to be around its family. While Welsh Terriers don’t need to be coddled, they do enjoy spending time with their owners and getting plenty of attention. Although these dogs aren’t prone to separation anxiety, you should know that they don’t like being confined in small spaces, so crating may not be recommended unless necessary (such as car travel). Crate training should only be done after your puppy has been taught basic obedience commands, so that it will understand what “down” means when inside the crate.
There are many different types of crates available including folding metal crates, wire cages, and plastic crates. While buying a crate, you must look for one that’s large enough for your puppy to stand up and turn around to ensure that it doesn’t feel frustrated. Other than the size, the crate should also be well-ventilated and provide good sun exposure to keep your furry friend cool during hot days. If you buy a wire crate, make sure that it has a removable tray at the bottom, so that you can easily clean up any accidents.
If you want your Welsh Terrier to sleep comfortably, you should also get a dog bed. The bed can be covered with blankets and pillows made using a soft type of material that won’t cause any harm to their coat or skin.
LEASHES AND COLLARS FOR A WELSH TERRIER
A Welsh Terrier is a spirited and outgoing dog. Just like their cousins, they love to nose around and have a strong prey drive. That’s why it’s important to invest in a leash and collar that will allow them to roam around and explore, without getting into unnecessary trouble.
The right collar for your Welsh Terrier depends on your preference and the comfort of your pet. For example, you can choose between leather or fabric collars. Fabric collars are lighter and more flexible than their leather counterparts and feel softer on the skin. Leather collars, on the other hand, tend to last longer compared to fabric collars but are not as comfortable for long-term wear. As these dogs are prone to skin allergies, you might want to invest in a flea collar, which will allow them to roll in the mud and jump in puddles, without getting those crawly critters.
As for the leash, you can either opt for a standard leash or a retractable one. You must consider the length of the leash as well as its strength when looking for the ideal option for your pet. It should be durable enough to withstand constant tugging and pulling and at least 6 feet long, allowing your pup to roam around freely when you take it for a walk.
TRAINING AND EXERCISE REQUIREMENT OF WELSH TERRIERS
Welsh Terriers are intelligent and playful dogs who require an activity to channel their energy as they can be quite destructive when bored. They excel at agility, flyball, tracking, and obedience exercises. If you don’t want your dog to race through the house and turn it into an amusement park, you must provide it with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. The exercise can include running around inside a fenced yard or walking on a leash. Both of these activities will help prevent boredom and destructive behavior, saving you a lot of time cleaning up after your dog.
If you don’t have time for a long walk every day, you can try supplementing your dog’s exercise with indoor toys. For playtime, you can get some chew toys, set up an agility course, or play fetch with a ball. If you want to keep your dog’s mind sharp, try teaching them some tricks.
When it comes to training your Welsh Terrier, you should make sure they understand what’s expected of them. As Welsh Terriers are known to be quite stubborn and independent, this can make training difficult at times and require patience from the owner. If you don’t plan on being a strict but fair-pack leader, your Welsh Terrier may resist or ignore commands that it doesn’t want to do, which calls for the help of a professional trainer. If you establish yourself as the alpha dog early on in your pup’s life and start training your pet from puppyhood with consistent rules and boundaries, you should have no problem training your Welsh Terrier.
GROOMING INSIGHTS FOR WELSH TERRIER OWNERS
The coat of a Welsh Terrier is made up of two layers. The outer layer is the hard, wiry “guard” hairs that protect the dog from predators and keep its skin dry and clean. Underneath the guard hairs are soft, fluffy undercoat hairs that insulate and act as shock absorbers. This combination of tough and soft hair allows them to withstand extreme temperatures without getting too cold or hot.
That being said, the Welsh Terrier is one of the most low-maintenance dogs you can own as it doesn’t shed much. But this isn’t an excuse to neglect to groom it. Regularly brushing your pooch is necessary to keep its coat in good shape and prevent tangles and mats from forming in the first place. During brushing, if you notice any knots or burrs, you should use your fingers to pull them out gently. Just make sure not to pull the hair of your Welsh Terrier out while doing so or it could need a new doggie haircut, which can cost you a lot.
Because these dogs have double coats, you must get them clipped after every eight to 12 months. As mentioned above, these dogs love digging in the mud, so you must trim their nails weekly to keep their nails from trapping mud. For oral hygiene, you should brush their teeth at least once a week with dog-approved toothpaste. This will help prevent periodontal disease and bad breath by removing the tartar. If possible, take your dog to the vet for a regular checkup every six months to ensure that it remains healthy and free from any diseases or parasites. Don’t hesitate to ask your vet any questions because it’s a matter of your dog’s well-being.