- 1 Overview of the Cairn Terrier
- 2 Variations of the Cairn Terrier's Coat
- 3 Food and Health of the Cairn Terrier
- 4 Diet
- 5 Exercise
- 6 Cairn Terrier Health Concerns
- 7 Allergies
- 8 Legg-Calve-Perthes
- 9 Collars and Leashes for Cairn Terrier
- 10 For a Puppy
- 11 For a Grown-Up Cairn Terrier
- 12 Best Crates, Beds, and Dog Houses for Cairn Terrier
- 13 Grooming Insights for Cairn Terrier
Overview of the Cairn Terrier
Cairn Terriers were initially developed to hunt foxes and other tiny, furry prey in the rugged Scottish highlands. They are cheerful, industrious little earth dogs. You need to provide them a place to search and sift to keep them stimulated. In addition to its short, broad head and easily moveable, slim frame, the Cairn’s distinctive characteristics include its strength without heaviness and just a height and length of roughly 10 to 15 inches, respectively.
The top of the coat is rough and wiry, while the underside is soft and fluffy. As a petite, alert dog with long hair, pointed ears, and intelligent expression, the Cairn is easy to recognize.
Cairn Terriers are small enough to fit on your lap while robust enough to take a good romp in the grass. When they have a lot of interaction with their family, they’re in the best of health. Owners who value the Terrier’s attributes of playfulness, independence, and loyalty will not be satisfied with any other breed.
Variations of the Cairn Terrier’s Coat
Anyone who asks about Cairn Terrier colors gets the same answer: “Anything besides white.” To distinguish Cairn Terriers from Westies, which are limited to being white, Cairn Terrier people know all too well how difficult it is to explain the colors of their dogs, particularly to a prospective pet parent who only desires a particular color. Cairn Terriers have a wide range of colors. A dog’s color can change throughout life, and there are no assurances that a puppy will be the same color as its parents.
The Cairn Terrier comes in fifteen colors with a rugged, weather-resistant external layer in various colors and patterns. Only white and pure black are difficult colors to find.
Food and Health of the Cairn Terrier
Cairn Terriers are little; they don’t need a lot of food to stay healthy. Most Cairn Terriers can get by on halves to two-thirds of just a cup of healthy dry dog food, divided into two or three servings, although growing pups may require more and aging dogs may require less. Since Cairn Terriers are vulnerable to excessive weight gain, keep an eye on their food consumption and only use snacks sparingly as instructional facilities.
Cairn Terriers need a diet that is safe, inexpensive, and created with high-quality ingredients to be considered the finest dog food for them (predominantly meat). Your Cairn Terrier’s individual nutritional needs will be determined by various factors, including age, weight, health, degree of activity, and financial constraints.
Foods for Cairn Terriers must contain all the building elements for life, such as:
- Amino acids
Minerals and vitamins
Many people believe that Cairn Terriers are just carnivores, but this is not the case. This is entirely incorrect. Even more than their pet food, numerous dogs seem to appreciate veggies and various fruits. A robust Cairn Terrier needs a lot of minerals and vitamins in order to maintain a shining coat, healthy teeth and muscles and bones, and high energy levels.
Look at the packaged foods if your Cairn Terrier has any coat conditions like hyperactivity or lethargy or if you observe poor coat quality. Veterinarians can help you determine how much food your Cairn Terrier should eat. You should avoid corn or wheat, derivatives, or excessive doses of artificial preservatives in pet food.
Put the dry feed into the water for 20 minutes to see if it has more cereal ingredients than protein. Corn and wheat are the most common ingredients that make the meal mush. A food’s protein concentration should be checked. Protein requirements for a less energetic dog are lower, with a baseline of roughly 21%. When a Cairn Terrier is much more physically active, it requires more protein in its diet.
Carbohydrates and fats
Many owners prefer to feed their dogs commercially prepared food because it’s impossible to precisely regulate the amounts of protein, complex carbs, vitamins, and minerals they receive daily. If you buy high-quality commercial pet food, you can rest assured that it has all the necessary vitamins and extras.
Food for puppies and pregnant female dogs
Cairn Terrier puppies and pregnant females will need special diets to deal with the strain their systems are experiencing. As a result, you’ll need to feed them frequently and ensure they have all the crucial ingredients in their diet in the correct quantity.
Food for adult cairn terrier
If your dog is one year old, give him 1.5 cups daily. If he is two to three years old, then 1.2 cups per day are the exact amount of food.
Cairn Terriers require modest physical activity when taken on daily excursions and may quickly adapt to various lifestyles. This breed is adaptable to a wide range of environments, from a farm in the Highlands to something like a high-rise apartment building. Dog sports are an excellent way for dogs to release their pent-up energy.
Compared to other dog breeds, Cairn Terriers require more frequent physical activity because of their high energy levels and fun. Two hours of medium to intensive training each day is more beneficial for your dog’s mental health than an hour of medium to strenuous exercise. It’s possible to do this through various methods, including going on walks, playing games, working on obedience, and sometimes even training for mobility events.
When Cairn Terriers are not exercised correctly, they’re more likely to engage in destructive behaviors such as chewing on furniture and tearing rugs and carpets. Because of their continually active natures, even basic obedience cannot fix this problem.
Cairn Terrier Health Concerns
Curiosity, activity, intelligence, and self-reliance characterize this breed. The Cairn Terrier has a long life expectancy of 13 to 15 years. Since purebred dogs have an average of three to five genetic flaws, the Cairn Terrier has its share of health concerns. Comprehensive health testing and grooming have made it possible to cure or avoid health issues in dogs, thanks to advancements in canine healthcare. Cairn Terrier is prone to the health issues listed below. Problems like these are being addressed.
Each allergic reaction type can be split into three categories: inhalant, contact, and food. Allergy to fleas, grass, and other environmental toxins is Cairn Terrier’s most common reason for skin disorders. Asthma is a common symptom of allergies, whether long-term or seasonal. It doesn’t matter if they’re minor or major. Their condition deteriorates over time. Treatment today is far superior to that of the past.
The femoral head gets affected by Legg-Perthes, causing aseptic necrosis. Cairn Terriers are one of the breeds affected by this condition. Dogs with this condition have the femur bone in their hind legs spontaneously degenerate. Deterioration of coxofemoral and inflammatory processes of the joint develops (osteoarthritis). Surgery may be in order. The femoral joints and bone are scanned with an X-ray machine to get the diagnosis.
Collars and Leashes for Cairn Terrier
Since a Cairn Terrier is curious, you’ll want to keep him on a leash or in a fenced-in area. Because of its characteristic Terrier intransigence, the Cairn Terrier needs to know that you are in authority before it submits to your authority. He does, however, respond well to frequent and firm corrections and plenty of praise.
For a Puppy
For a puppy, you should buy a light leash. It must not be made of leather because it will be heavy for the puppy and won’t be comfortable with the leash. You are making him get used to the leash, so it must not be a dreadful experience for your Cairn Terrier puppy.
For a Grown-Up Cairn Terrier
For a mature dog, you can buy a leather leash and can also choose a smaller and longer leash. The smaller leash gives you more control over your dog, but if you are taking your dog to some jungle place where very few people will be around, you can use a longer leash in such situations so that your dog may feel freer to move around despite the leash.
Best Crates, Beds, and Dog Houses for Cairn Terrier
Even if your dog prefers to sleep on your bed or snuggle on the couch with you and your family, a bed or a crate of their own is something they would cherish dearly. Like many dog owners, you know that a much happier pet dog is when it’s resting on a soft, fluffy surface than when it’s resting on the ground. A home or crate is required to make a dog of almost any height, breed, age, or shape happy. Dog crates and beds come in various styles and materials, making it difficult to know which is ideal for your pet.
Initially developed for sport, Cairn Terriers are known for their tendency to chew and dig, which makes Kuranda beds desirable because they are chew resistant and unbreakable. A high Kuranda bed is ideal for Cairn Terriers because it promotes air circulation, which is good for the dog and helps prevent hip dysplasia. Most are manufactured of materials that can tolerate water, food, and certain other stains while remaining ultra-plush.
As a responsible pet owner, keeping a Cairn Terrier inside a crate is critical. As your Cairn becomes older and more independent, you may find that he needs a safe place to call his own, such as a crate. The correct crate for Cairn Terrier is vital, especially since he’ll spend a significant amount of time in it. Remember that dogs, particularly puppies, cannot be confined to a crate for prolonged periods.
A steel crate is made of steel and plastic in order to keep your Cairn Terrier secure. A large side door that opens like something of a garage door provides an extra measure of space for use inside.
This wood dog house seems to be the most suitable for Cairn Terrier. Built of wood, it features a watertight roof. A sturdy wooden place will be best for a dog that likes to bite and chew. If the house is made of steel and the dog bites, it can be dangerous for your Cairn Terrier’s teeth.
Wood dog houses are above the ground level, so they are more protected from the ground’s moisture. This way, your dog is also protected from moisture. A wooden dog house is suitable for Cairn Terriers of all ages.
Cairn terrier toys
If you own a Cairn Terrier, you know how much they enjoy chewing and shredding. These energetic pups need a firm, sturdy toy to keep them engaged and burn off some additional calories. You won’t have trouble finding toys your Cairn Terrier could play with without you because he is such an intelligent and energetic dog breed. There are some toys that are best for Cairn Terrier:
Dental toys provide dental stimulation, and if your Cairn Terrier is a hard chewer, then rope toys, dental chews and hard chew toys should keep him occupied. If he chews a lot, get a sturdy toy that won’t shatter into little bits. Puppy training with chew toys teaches them what acceptable and unacceptable chewing is.
Grooming Insights for Cairn Terrier
Maintaining your Cairn Terrier in tip-top shape is a matter of frequent grooming. They don’t require routine appointments with the groomer to avoid matting and maintain a tidy appearance. There are a few things to keep in mind:
While some owners favor employing a brush to remove tangles, it is recommended to use a wire brush to get through the dense undercoat and groom the coarse top coat.
It would help if you only washed this breed once or twice a month due to its impermeable double-coat; you do not want to risk stripping it of its essential oils. It’s best to use a shampoo prepared specifically for “hard-coated” breeds, such as those mentioned above.
There aren’t many alternatives for Cairn Terriers when it comes to haircuts. Generally, it’s best not to go overboard with the haircuts for dogs with a healthy coat and a delicate undercoat. Manual stripping is the most common and traditional method of trimming a Cairn Terrier’s coat.