The Bullmastiff is a large breed dog, with full-grown adults weighting more than 100 pounds. They are related to English Mastiffs and Old English Bulldogs. This breed was developed in the 19th century England to serve as guard dogs for wealthy estate owners. They are extremely powerful, quite intelligent, and very loyal; they are also quite affectionate with their human companions.
While the Bullmastiff is still used as a guard dog by many in the United States, this breed is more commonly kept as a family pet. Despite its imposing size and appearance, this breed is actually quite friendly and fairly low-key. Unlike other types of dogs, the Bullmastiff isn’t high-energy and doesn’t require a tremendous amount of exercise. This breed also does very well with tracking and agility, and they serve as exceptional therapy dogs.
To learn more about caring for the Bullmastiff, keep on reading for some invaluable information.
Bullmastiff Food and Health
The Bullmastiff is a large dog, and as such, he requires a large amount of food on a daily basis. The recommended food intake is between 3 and 5 cups of food per day, split into two separate meals. Like humans, each Bullmastiff is unique, and therefore, the amount of food each one should eat will vary depending on size, age, and lifestyle. For example, puppies and dogs that engage in agility training or tracking should eat more, while older dogs or those who live a low-key lifestyle should eat less.
Their diet should consist mainly of pure animal proteins, as well as fiber and carbohydrates. Feed your dog a high-quality commercial dog food to ensure you are meeting his nutritional needs. Two great options include Free High Protein Dry Dog Food and Life Protection Formula. If you aren’t sure what or how much you should be feeding your Bullmastiff, inquire with your veterinarian for more information.
In terms of health, the Bullmastiff is genetically predisposed to a variety of health conditions. In fact, among dog breeds, the Bullmastiff is more prone to health complications than most dogs. Common afflictions include cancer, elbow and hip dysplasia, bloat, issues with their skin and coats, entropion (a condition of the eyelids), urinary tract complications, and ligament and joint injuries. Also, if your dog is active, there’s also a risk that he will sustain injuries.
Given the various health concerns that are associated with this breed, investing in pet insurance is a wise idea. This type of coverage works much like healthcare for humans in that it will prevent you from having to food the entire cost of veterinary care. There are many reputable companies that offer pet insurance throughout the country, including Geico and Allstate. You can also find carriers in your local area; Brand and Britt offers great coverage in Georgia, and the Oregon Veterinary Medical Association provides policies in Oregon, for example.
Leashes and Collars for your Bullmastiff
Of all the accessories you can purchase for a Bullmastiff, a collar and leash are the most important. As such, selecting a collar and leash requires careful consideration.
A collar allows you to display your dog’s tags, including identification and vaccinations. It’s also a tool for walking. Since this breed is so large and powerful, you are definitely going to want to pick a collar that is made of durable materials to withstand your dog’s weight and power. Leather Braided Dog Leash and leather collars are ideal choices for this breed, as these materials are extremely strong. Make sure you measure the size of your dog’s neck before picking out a collar; you should be able to fit two fingers between the collar and his neck. Also, you might want to invest in a slip chain collar for training purposes.
While Bullmastiffs aren’t very high energy and do not require a tremendous amount of activity, they do still require exercise, and regular walks will ensure your dog stays in shape. For a leash, you’ll also want to choose one that is made of durable materials and is well constructed. Again, a dog leash that is made of Strong Dog Leash or Latigo Leather Collar would work well with this type of dog. Also, consider the length. For puppies or dogs who are not leash trained, shorter leads will offer better control; however, dogs that do well with walking can be walked on a longer lead, as it will allow for more flexibility and freedom.
Best Crates, Beds, and Doghouses for Bullmastiffs
Whether you are training your dog or you want to provide him with a safe haven that’s all his own, a crate is an excellent tool. Generally, Bullmastiffs will require large crates, as they are a large breed dog; however, keep in mind that if you have a puppy, you’ll need to adjust the size of the crate as he grows. You want him to have enough space to stand and turn around, but you don’t want excessive space. Measure your dog to find out what sized crate would work well for him, or ask your vet for assistance.
For a bed, you’ll want to choose something that can fit the tremendous size of this dog. Any type of bed will work, such as a Pillow bed however, if your dog has hip or elbow dysplasia, and Orthopedic bed will offer added support.
For a dog house, the size of your dog, as well as your location are factors to consider. The house should provide plenty of room for free movement. It should also offer features that will afford the most comfort. For example, if you live in a region where the ground is often water-logged, a Dog Palace with Floor Heater will keep your Bullmastiff up and off the ground; or, if you live in an area where the winters are quite cold, a house that features heat Dog Palace with floor heater will keep your pup safe and warm.
Though Bullmastiffs aren’t as high-energy as many other dog breeds, they do still enjoy playing. Additionally, playing is a great way to offer them the exercise that they need to stay in shape. Toys are wonderful tools for dogs, as they offer opportunities for entertainment and exercise.
There are plenty of toys on the market that a Bullmastiff will enjoy playing with. However, no matter which type of toy you choose, always consider the construction. It should be made of durable materials and thoughtfully designed to withstand the strength of this breed. Also, the size of the toy should match the size of the dog; in other words, toys on the larger size are a better fit for this breed.
With a variety of toys in his toy box, your Bullmastiff will definitely be kept happy and entertained.
Grooming Insights for Bullmastiff owners
Though Bullmastiffs are large in size, they are relatively easy to groom. In fact, they are one of the easiest breeds to groom. Their hair is short and dense, and is designed to provide protection from the elements. It doesn’t shed terribly, but nevertheless, it does shed. A quick brushing with a brush that features 2 Sided Professional Grooming Rake will remove any dead hair and distribute oils to keep his hair and coat health.
Clean his ears on a weekly basis with warm water to dislodge any dirt and debris that could get trapped and potentially cause an infection. For nail care, a trimming once a month with a reliable Dog Nail Clippers Trimmer should suffice.
There are tons of accessories on the market that are designed for dogs, and many of these products can be handy for a Bullmastiff. When choosing accessories for your dog, think about his personality and your goals to find something that will meet both of your needs.
If you are training your dog new commands, an Spray Commander Dog Training Collar can be a great tool. If you’re dog barks a lot, a bark collar can be used to curb his barking. If your dog lives in a hot location, a Outdoor Winter House will keep him comfortable and safe. If you are planning on spending a lot of time outdoors with your Bullmastiff, an elevated travel dog bed will offer a comfortable space for him to take a nap.
Despite their powerful looks, Bullmastiffs are really quite gentle and make wonderful family pets. With the right medical care, feeding, grooming, protection, and entertainment, your Bullmastiff is pound to live a long and healthy life.