DOG DNA TEST
Dog DNA tests have been gaining popularity in recent times because this technology is helpful to our pets in several ways. Primarily, dog DNA tests are used to determine the breed and mix of your dog, but it can also help in finding out if your dog is at risk in developing genetic diseases as well as explain why your dog manifests a certain personality or behavior. Dog DNA tests can give you useful information about your dog’s genetic makeup in order for you to understand them better and so you can provide better care for their health.
How it Works
The processing of DNA in dogs is no different from a human DNA test. You need to collect a sample from your dog and a laboratory will extract the DNA from the sample that you have gathered. The genetic markers of the sample will be compared to the markers of other dogs in the lab’s database to find patterns and similarities that the experts will use to draw conclusions on your dog’s breed, appearance, and even detect certain diseases.
TYPES OF DNA TEST
Cheek swabs are fairly easy to administer because it is a non-invasive testing procedure. You just need to swab the side of your dog’s mouth and it will yield out an accurate result. This is the safer option because it will be a comfortable procedure for you and your dog. However, cheek swabs can yield out inaccurate results if you process it through cheap DNA test kits.
Blood samples are acquired by inserting a needle into your dog’s vein and extracting the blood. This procedure can be very stressful for your dog especially if it’s not used to needles. Blood samples should be done only by professionals so you might have to take a trip to your veterinarian. When choosing this method, you might experience scratching, biting, and crying but it will be worth it because the blood tests yield larger amounts of DNA which will likely yield more accurate results.
How to Give Your Dog a DNA Test
While giving your dog a DNA test might be overwhelming because it seems too complex, in reality, it’s a simple procedure that can be done in a short while if you follow the instructions. At-home DNA kits mostly do cheek swabs because a blood sample requires expert experience. Prior to testing, first, you have to make sure that your dog has not eaten in at least thirty minutes. The test kit should have a collection tube that will store the swab. Make sure that your dog’s mouth is not dry before gently swabbing the inside of its cheek for thirty seconds to a full minute until the swab is fully soaked. Seal the swab inside the tube without spilling the liquid inside and shake the collection tube. Follow the instructions on your kit regarding the processing of the sample, but most of them require online registration to activate the kit. Don’t forget to give your dog a treat afterward.
Factors to Consider in Choosing a Dog DNA Test
The first thing you should look for in dog DNA tests is accuracy. You should check with the manufacturer if the testing laboratory uses a large database because this yields more accurate results. We recommend using DNA tests that are 95-99% accurate but a test with 90% accuracy is still acceptable.
If the purpose of having a dog DNA test is to make sure that your dog is not suffering from any health problems linked to its genetics, then you should opt for a kit that can produce results in a matter of weeks. Generally, a good dog DNA test should deliver testing results within two to three weeks, but be careful of companies that provide results in a short span of time because this might not be comprehensive.
Since dog DNA test kits handle sensitive material and process it through complex procedures, you should expect that these tests are not cheap. Given that you are already spending a lot on these tests, you should get one that is as comprehensive as possible to get your money’s worth. The more information that you get from these tests, the better it is for you to understand your furry friend. We recommend choosing a dog DNA test that covers breed percentage as well as a health risk profile and weight range prediction.