The Pomeranian

The internet’s most practical guide to your favorite dog breed

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*Learn more about the breed below and some of the products recommended by our team of experts, which include veterinarians, explosive detection dog handlers and the dog obsessed.

Overview of the Pomeranian Breed

The Pomeranian, or “Pom,” is an adorable, fluffy-haired, small dog with a cute, quirky personality. Named after the Pomerania region in northeast Germany and northwest Poland, this dog is a relative of the “Spitz” breed.

The Pom comes in the most extensive color variation of any breed of dog. White, black, tan, and orange are the most common. However, they also have a merle gene that produces sable, blue, spotted, and brindle dogs with combinations of all colors. Their paws are marshmallow color, and merles can have eye color combinations, such as brown and blue. Queen Victoria popularized ownership of this dog in the 18th century. The Queen acquired a miniature, sunset-red Pom, and subsequently sparked an ownership trend among royals. Poms weigh between 4 and 8-pounds, with a height of 5 to 11 inches at the shoulders.

People living in cities like NYC, LA, and Miami favor owning these dogs. These cities are all huge corporate centers, and Poms are a great choice for folks who can’t be home as often.

Pomeranian Food and Health

Pomeranians are friendly and playful with their owners. However, they don’t get along well with other dogs. They have a long double-coat, with a ruff of fur around the neck that gives the appearance of a mane. Their fluffy, high-set tails sit on top of feathery hair on their hindquarters.  Poms are lightweight. Therefore, they don’t suffer from structural issues such as dysplasia. However, they do occasionally have problems with patella luxation. Eye disorders, such as distichiasis and entropion, affect the eyelids causing scarring of the cornea and blindness.

Pomeranians also frequently experience hypoglycemia. This low-blood sugar disorder creates issues with the nervous system that result in seizures and coma-induced brain damage. Tracheal collapse is an issue with poms.  The tracheal rings soften and collapse when the dog breathes in, producing a honking noise. Pomeranians with this condition may undergo coughing attacks as a result of environmental stress. Valvular disease is another cause for concern with poms. This degenerative, chronic heart disease leads to thickening of the heart valves which results in a loud heart murmur on the left side of the chest. If left untreated, this chronic condition can develop into congestive heart failure. Patent ductus arteriosus is another cardiovascular condition that affects the Pomeranian. The juncture between pulmonary arteries and aorta does not close at birth, resulting in heart failure. Without surgical intervention, puppies will die within their first year.

Poms may also experience slow metabolic function resulting in hypothyroidism. This hormonal condition leads to weight gain, hair loss, and exercise intolerance.  Because of the plethora of health concerns we highly recommend you get dog insurance for your Pomeranian.

Leashes and Collars for your Pomeranian

Due to the sensitive nature of their throats, you should never place a collar on your pom. A collar will also ruin their neck fur, and create a line-break in their “mane.” This hairless area detracts from their visual appeal and may result in the development of skin disorders such as eczema.

It’s best to use a light harness and leash to take your pom for a walk around the block to do their business. It’s challenging to train a pom to heel. They do what they want. You can expect them to run to the end of their leash and tug against you. If you use a collar and leash like a rechargeable shock collar  and leather dog leash, their behavior may result in damage to their trachea.

Couple a three-point harness to a leather lead for their walks. They won’t step into the harness voluntarily; you will need to fit the harness to them. Poms have a love for riding in the car. The feeling of the wind running through their long fur excites them, and they will want to hang out of the window as you drive.

When you stop your vehicle at a traffic light, they may jump out of an open window. Keep the dog in the car using a harness restraint system that couples to the seat. This harness allows the dog to enjoy the fresh air while preventing an escape.

Poms are fashionable dogs, so buy them a harness and leash that accentuates their nature. Something slim, streamlined and exquisite id the perfect option for your pom. They are light, so it’s easy to hold them back and restrain them if they try to charge another dog.

If you’re taking them with you on the town, consider buying them a dog bag. This item is the size of a Kelly bag and fits the pomeranian perfectly. You can keep them secure and safe while you run errands, stroll through the mall, or meet your friends for coffee.

Best Crates, Beds, and Doghouses for Pomeranians

It’s tempting for Pomeranian owners to let their dog sleep in their bed like dog’s bed. You must not tolerate this behavior. Leering them sleep in your bed will encourage dominant behavior and make them more anti-social. They may become snappy with your guests when you don’t pay attention to them.

Pom’s that sleep in their owner’s bed is more prone to developing separation anxiety disorder when you aren’t at home. They may begin to use the bed as their toilet and chew on your pillows as a means to smell you and feel calm. Pom’s shed heavily during the spring and fall. When they “blow” their undercoat, you’ll find it all over your mattress, bedding, and your pajamas.

Pom’s need to feel safe and secure when they sleep. Buy them a small bed and pad it with pillows for support and comfort. They will bury themselves in the pillows and make a nest. When they are puppies, purchase a crating system to keep them in their bed at night. Eventually, they will learn that they mustn’t sleep in your bed and you can remove the crate or fence.

Place their bed on either the side or foot of your bed. If your pom can see you, they will feel more secure and less inclined to jump out of their bed and into yours. If you have two or more pom’s, each will need a sleeping area of his or her own.  Place them on opposite sides of the bed at equal distance from you. Trying to get pom’s to sleep in the same bed will result in ugly fights, and they may injure each other.  It should go without saying that you should never attempt to make a pom sleep outdoors. If you do, they will either run away or sit at the door or window, scratching to get in.

Pomeranian Toys

Sort your pom’s toys into two categories; Toys for comfort, and toys for chewing like flexichew regular bone dog. Pom’s don’t chew up their beds or your furniture. However, they need a chew toy to distract them from separation anxiety while you are away. They also need a chew toy for when they’re teething as puppies.

Pom’s love squeaky toys, at any age. Choose a plush toy and a rubber toy for your pom. They will rub their nose into the plushy to tickle themselves, and the rubber toy will help them keep their teeth and gums clean.  A squeaky rubber chicken is an excellent toy for a pom, and it’s hilarious to watch them squeak it as they look up at you. To complement the rubber chicken buy them a small plushy animal. Make sure that both toys are of lesser stature than your pom. They will ignore or hide a bigger toy to feel dominant over it.  Poms will keep playing with their favorite toys and discard the others. Buy them two toys to start with and then introduce a new one every 6-months. The Kong squiggles toy is fantastic for pom’s, and they love the Kong range of plushies as well. Pom’s don’t do balls or sticks, and they will never play fetch with you.

Grooming Insights for Pomeranian owners

Pomeranians require intensive grooming. These dogs have a double-coat, with the underfur being soft and short, while their outer hair is long and coarse. They need daily brushing such as cleaning slicker brush for dogs, especially when they are blowing.

Brush your pom with a long-stiff-bristle brush. Poms adore pampering. They will let you brush them all day long and often stay in the brush position after you’re done, looking up to you to request more. It’s common for them to nudge your hand with their nose after your done in an attempt to ask you why you’ve stopped.  Pom’s long hair grows fast and requires trimming at least every 6-weeks. You can use scissors such as stainless steel dog grooming scissors to trim it back. These dogs don’t enjoy having their hair cut too short with clippers. Their hair is their identity and shaving it all off will leave them feeling insecure and exposed.

However, if you live in a hot climate, you may need to trim away their long hair to keep them feeling cool in the heat. If this is the case, leave the hair long around the neck, shoulders, and tail. This style will give them the impression that they still have all of their hair and they will feel less insecure than if you shave everything off.  Some owners don’t have the time, patience, equipment or skill to groom their Pomeranian effectively. In this circumstance, it’s best to develop a relationship with your local groomer. Choose a groomer that specializes in taking care of pom’s.  Don’t send them from groomer to groomer. This strategy confuses the dog, and they will grow to fear the groomer. They may also develop anxiety every time you pick them up and put them in the car.

Pomeranians are impressive show dogs. If you can find a groomer that works with show dogs, your pom will always look beautiful. Show groomers may charge a little more than regular groomers that deal with all types of animals, but the results are worth the extra money. Google local groomers and read their reviews before booking an appointment.

Pomeranian Accessories

Poms and (other small breed dogs) are a girl’s best friend, they’re the perfect dress-up dog and love being the center of attention. Poms have no problem with you pushing their legs through sleeves. They’ll pant and smile as you place sunglasses on their face, and prance around the room in joy displaying their new costume.

If your dog puts up resistance, all you need to do to win their confidence is talk to them in a soft, loving voice and they’ll comply with your commands. Here are some accessory ideas to try out on your Pomeranian.

Ribbons, bows, hairclips – Tie them into their hair, their tails, and their coat. You can tie in hundreds of bows, and they won’t mind at all.

Hats and sunglasses – Keep your dog looking cool. They love a fresh pair of shades for their car trips; it keeps the wind out of their eyes as they hand out of the window.

Costumes and clothes – Play pirates, dress them up like the cookie monster, a princess, or super-dog. Buy as many as you like, they will keep you both entertained for years. Don’t forget the Halloween and Christmas costumes. A pair of fake antlers and a pumpkin suit is too cute!

Backpacks – by them a personalized pack and keep their costumes, hats, and sunglasses inside.

Raincoats – The perfect accessory for a quick walk around the block in the rain to do their business.

Sweaters, scarves, and jackets- Great for cold winter weather.

Socks, shoes, and booties – From high heels and lace-up sneakers, to running shoes and all-terrain cross-runners. There’s a style to suit any activity, any occasion, and any outfit. Keep their paws clean and warm around the house with a pair of fancy socks as well.

Necklaces, hair clips, and faux earnings – Bring the bling to your pom with a wide assortment of costume jewelry. You’ll end up buying them so much stuff they’ll need a jewelry box!

Designer label everything – your Pomeranian has as much fashion sense as you do.